Is Marijuana Addictive? Effects of cannabis On Cognitive Functioning


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By: Natalie Gray

Marijuana; marijuana seeds, oils and other derived products from the plant has a complex molecule that contains over 400 cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are the chemicals which give marijuana its ability to make a user feel high or stoned. The cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one of the main active ingredients in the marijuana plant that can make a user feel high. A chemical called anandamide is one of the natural cannabinoids in the brain. THC mimics the actions of anandamide. THC binds with the cannabinoid receptors making the brain think it is naturally producing anandamide. The Cannabidiol (CBD), on the other hand, is a phytocannabinoids, it can be taken into the body in many different ways, including by inhalation of cannabis smoke or vapor, as an aerosol spray into the cheek, and by ingestion. It may be supplied as CBD oil comprising of only CBD as the active ingredient. CBD does not have the same psychoactivity as THC.

How Cannabis Affects the Brain

Despite intensive examination and research, many of us are dealing with hypotheses when we review the mechanism by means of which cannabis affects the human brain. In the past few years, however, significant progress has been gained, including the discovery of a particular cannabis receptor in the brain.

Researchers have also recognized the THC-like substances generated by the body itself— the endocannabinoids which bind to those receptors. The two most notable endocannabinoids are anandamide and II-arachidonoylglycerol. The receptors are found primarily in a distinct part of the brain— the basal ganglia, the hippocampus, and the cerebral cortex. These findings bind in with some of the effects and side effects generated by a high-THC-content Mephisto genetics cannabis, above all its effects on psychomotor and cognitive functions.

Cognitive functions categories

Verbal Ability

Having a good comprehension and vocabulary that answers to one’s age, determining the words for what one requires to say, understanding others and having the ability for conceptual reasoning.

Logical-analytical ability

Ability to interpret, examine and draw logical conclusions. Ability to perceive causal or analytical connections and ability to conclude oneself in a critical or logical manner.

Short-term memory and working memory

Ability to remember or memorized what has just occurred or been communicated, which is a requirement not only for the integration of what has just been mentioned but also for the integration and creation of a whole range of cognitive processes, as well as a precondition for a logically sufficient temporal understanding.

Long-term memory

This consists of both episodic memory— the memory of autobiographical events that can be explicitly stated or conjured, which makes it viable to remember events and their temporal setting. And semantic memory— refers to a portion of long-term memory that processes ideas and concepts that are not drawn from personal experience, which has more to do with facts, information, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject and, the inter-relationships between various phenomena.

Analytical and synthetic ability

Based on the ability to combine the other functions. Makes it possible to synthesize, sort out and organize mental material.

Psycho Spatial ability

Makes it presumably to orientate oneself, other people and different phenomena in time and space, which is a precondition for temporal regulation as well as one of the essentials for social orientation.

Psychomotility

Ability to maintain awareness and to vary the scope and focus of attention. Ability to comprehend other points of view and to adjust to one’s own point of view. Some level of general flexibility with respect to different ways of viewing at and translating societal phenomena.

Gestalt memory (holistic memory)

Enables us to recognize and form patterns— not only to understand that there is a link but also to recognize its nature and structure. For example, enables us to create and maintain the relationship between a person, a name and a social role.

Medical Marijuana

An intensive analysis is being taken out to test the theory that the cannabinoids and other substances contained in cannabis have therapeutic effects— or, rather, to resolve whether their healing effects, if any, are better than those of available pharmaceutical products. Even though there is no direct connection between this research and that on the adverse effects of cannabis, the two courses are sometimes confused in the public discussion. These are two completely separate medical specialties which could, at best, cross-fertilize each other.

Cannabinoids can help to regulate pain, as it acts as a blocker to the pain receptor sites. Marijuana can help decrease symptoms of nausea or vomiting that may accompany illnesses such as cancer and HIV/AIDS and increase the appetite of a person with such an illness. Symptoms of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder can also be managed with marijuana. The affect the substance has on the amygdala causes an ability to relax and be less reactive to things that normally cause fear or discomfort to a person with these disorders.

Risk of Harm

The risk that cannabis abuse will create abuse ranges from individual to individual because of people’s vulnerability changes. This interaction between stress or trauma on the one hand and vulnerability on the opposite is valid for many conditions and kinds of abuse. The problem is that a particular vulnerability to any given type of stress or trauma is normally concealed. That

being said, as far as the results produced by cannabis on humans are concerned, we do know that certain societies are significantly more likely than others to be harmed.

Author Bio:

Natalie Gray is a Biochemical Engineer. She works in the Research and Development team that focuses on the design and construction of unit processes. She is a recreational marijuana supporter and her love for organic chemistry brought her to medical cannabis. She grows her own flowers, working on different projects and study everything above and under cannabis roots.